[[マニュアル/ゲームガイド抄訳]]

*Holdingのタイプ(Holding Types) [#te4f6ac9]

Crusader Kings IIにおけるすべての伯爵領(county)はすくなくとも一つのHoldingを持っている。Holdingはあらゆる徴兵や税金を提供し、そのため重要なのだが、容易に無視されてしまう。私は異なったタイプのHoldingがどのようにはたらくか、そしてそれらをいかにして最大限利用するかについて論じよう。
いつものように、最後にはまとめが載せてある。

**基本(The Basics) [#i88a9b3f]
すべての伯爵領(county)は少なくとも一つのHoldingを持っており、ほとんどは三つを持っている。これらのHoldingは収入と税金の両方を提供し、またすべてのHoldingは誰かしらのキャラクターによって支配されている。三つのHoldingのタイプが存在する:

-男爵領(Baronies): 軍隊に焦点を当てている
-都市(Cities): 税金に焦点を当てている
-司教領(Bishoprics): 男爵領と都市の中間

これら三つのタイプにはそれぞれ、関連したキャラクターのタイプがある;男爵領は通常、貴族(noble)によって支配され、都市は市民(burgher)に、司教領は聖職者(clergy)に支配される。一般的に男爵領がProvinceの首都となるが、いくつかの例外がある。そして単にその伯爵領を違ったタイプのキャラクターに与えることによっても、その首都を変更することは可能である。伯爵領の首都と、その伯爵領の首都を誰が支配しているのかは、伯爵領概観(county overview)の右上で示される。

**Holdingの持ち主(Holding Owners) [#l6a3d408]
一般的に、聖職者だけが教会を支配し、市民だけが都市を支配し、貴族だけが男爵領を支配する。しかしながら、誰かそのタイプではない人物にHoldingを与えることも可能である。しかしながら、もし彼らがより高い地位でそれを持っていたならば、大抵彼らはそのHoldingを代わりに家臣に与える。その理由は、間違ったタイプのHoldingを支配していることに関連する大きなペナルティである。つまり、きみはそのHoldingの75%の収入を失ってしまうのである。これは税金にかんして、正しいタイプのHoldingよりも間違ったHoldingを持つことのほうが見返りが多いということはあり得ないということを意味する。実際、男爵領を例外として、そのHoldingを代わりに家臣に与えた方が、きみが高いStewardshipを持っているのではない限り、より高い税金をきみに与えることになるだろう。
一方で、家臣でなくきみがHoldingを支配していたなら、きみはそのHoldingの最大の徴兵を得ることが出来る。きみはさらにほかのいかなるタイプのHoldingよりも、男爵領から利益を得ることになるだろう。なぜならそれらは最大の兵力を与えてくれるし、誤ったHoldingのペナルティーを考慮に入れればきみに最大の税金を与えてくれるだろうから。

**家臣=君主関係(Vassal-Liege Relationship) [#bddf7970]
Typically all holdings in a county will be held by vassals of the count, with the count vassalized to a duke or king. However, it is entirely possible for a county to be owned by someone who is not a noble. This can benefit the ruler's liege considerably, as he'll be able to charge different tax rates than he would with a noble. While noble taxes default to 0%, city taxes default to 25% and church taxes to 35%. Even at 10 or 20% noble tax, you'll be getting more from having a burgher or bishop as the ruler of a county.
However, doing so is not entirely without penalties. Any ruler at count level or above will get -30 opinion with his liege if his liege is not the same character type. So if you as a noble have a bishop ruling one of your counties, you'll get -30 opinion with him which could impact both tax and levies.
Second, bishops (if you're catholic) will only pay you any tax if they like you more than they like the pope. If they like the pope more than you, you'll lose out on tax entirely. 
You can also appoint burghers or bishops as dukes, once again giving great tax benefits. However, they'll be getting -30 opinion with every vassal they have unless the vassals are the same character type, which is likely to reduce the tax trickling up to you. Even taking this into account however, you'll still probably get more tax from a bishop or burgher than you would from a noble. However, due to the -30 opinion, you'll end up getting less levies from that bishop/burgher's demesne.
Another major drawback is that bishop and burgher succession is generally much less predictable than noble succession. If you've got free investiture you can of course appoint every bishop, and thus control the succession entirely. However, if you've got papal investiture you have no control whatsoever over who rules the county/duchy after the first ruler dies. With cities you've got similar problems as cities are generally Open Elective, meaning anyone in the burgher's court can succeed.
Thus unless you are orthodox or heretic, you'll risk losing out on taxes with bishops, while with burghers you cannot control the succession. You also as mentioned have to deal with some pretty big opinion penalties.
Do note that granting titles to bishops has the added benefit of giving you piety. You get 25 piety from granting a holding, 100 for a county, 200 for a duchy, 800 for a kingdom, and 6400 for an empire. Thus giving a few counties to bishops can be a great way to get piety which makes getting the Invasion CB pretty easy.

**まとめ(Summary) [#r5e7bbe4]
By appointing a burgher or bishop as the ruler of a county or duchy, you could reap major tax rewards. However, you'd likely end up with fewer levies, a higher risk of rebellion, and reduced control over succession.
If you think these drawbacks are worth it, I'd recommend experimenting with this tactic and seeing if you like it.
My summarized tips are as follows:

-Don't hold onto cities or bishoprics if you've got baronies you can fill your demesne with instead
-If you appoint a burgher or bishop as ruler of a county or duchy, you'll generally get much more tax from them
-Burgher/bishop counts and dukes will generally give less levies
-Burgher/bishop counts and dukes are more likely to rebel
-Burgher/bishop counts and dukes are more likely to get deposed by their vassals
-Bishop counts and dukes could end up paying all their taxes to the Pope rather than you
-If you don't have Free Investiture you cannot control bishop succession at all
-Burgher succession is extremely unpredictable
-If you need piety, grant titles to bishops



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